Emergency Planning Overview
Emergencies can happen at any time, often strike without
warning and their cause can range from human error such as road traffic
collisions, to extreme acts of nature such as large scale flooding or severe
ice and snow, to criminal incidents such as terrorist attacks or arson.
Emergencies can result in:
- Damage to property and infrastructure.
- The loss of basic services including water, power, gas and telephone lines.
- Evacuation from your home and neighbourhood.
- Danger to life.
In emergency planning, the aim is to reduce the chances of these emergencies occurring and if they do occur reducing their impact on the effected people and their environment to a minimum.
Civil Contingencies Act 2004
Emergency Planning is guided by the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 (CCA 2004). This Act has established a statutory framework for civil protection
and community resilience at a local level. Local responders have now become an
integral part of civil resilience in the UK.
The act aims to ensure that the organisations best placed
to manage emergency response and recovery, are at the centre of civil
protection. It achieves this by:
Emergency Planning Duties and Responsibilities
The Act establishes two different categories of responders as set out below.
Category 1 Responders
Those responders who are subject to the full set of civil protection duties and required to
maintain plans for preventing emergencies; reducing, controlling or
mitigating the effects of emergencies; and taking other action in the
event of emergencies. They should aim to maintain plans which cover 3 different areas:
- Plans for preventing an emergency
- Plans for reducing, controlling or mitigating the effects of an emergency
- Plans for taking other action in connection with an emergency