Local Policing Model 2013-2017

Local Policing Model

The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)  The implementation of the Local Policing Model (LPM).  LPM began in Spring 2013. It is the current model in 27 London boroughs but it is expected to be discontinued on completion of the new One Met Model trialling in the north and east of London in late 2017.

“LPM will involve a big change in the way boroughs operate and will ensure that the MPS delivers a high quality and consistent service to Londoners. LPM is designed to move resources to the front line, increase visibility and flexibility and improve quality of service to increase public confidence. Neighbourhood policing will be the foundation of LPM.”[1]

Civilian staff, PCSOs and police managers numbers have been significantly reduced and two thousand officers from across the MPS were transferred to Neighbourhood Policing Teams (NPTs). These will be led by an Inspector dedicated to working in communities. They will continue to respond to local priorities, provide reassurance and continue to engage with local people. It is intended that they will enhance coordinated activity across ward boundaries for more effective community problem solving.

NPTs will investigate all low-risk, high volume crime that affects the day to day quality of life of local people on their ward. This is intended to provide a thorough investigation of these crimes and a reliable service to the public. More complex and serious investigations will remain with Criminal Investigation Departments (CID) who will prioritise the pursuit and disruption of criminals and provide the support for vulnerable people, such as victims of hate crime or domestic violence.

Some elements of LPM have already been implemented across London, such as Grip and Pace centres;which provide leadership and guidance to officers to identify and tackle crime and disorder problems as quickly and robustly as possible.

In addition to the LPM, proposals are being developed to create Basic Command Units (BCUs) which would pool certain resources from neighbouring boroughs to reduce duplication and increase efficiency, enabling more officers to engage in operational work.
A BCU will consist of one or more boroughs, led by a single chief superintendent. Local response and neighbourhood policing will continue to take place at a local borough level, while intelligence provision, resource management and performance will be shared across the new BCU.

Key Elements of the Local Policing Model

Metropolitan Police Service - Local PolicingModel Flow Chart

Emergency Response Teams

  • Responsible for attending calls and general patrols and delivering initial investigations at the scene of crimes.

  • 30% patrol time for ERPT to be used for increased functions. 

  • Emergency (E) Calls a function and responsibility of the nearest available unit regardless of portfolio. 

  • Hospital guards, constant watches and crime scene preservation task primacy (with discretional use of Neighbourhood officers when deemed operationally necessary by Senior Leadership Team).

Safer Neighbourhood Teams (formerly Neighbourhood Policing Teams)

  • Each ward has a Dedicated Ward Officer (DWO), who is part of a Safer Neighbourhood Team (SNT). DWOs are 'ring fenced' posts except for NYE and Notting Hill Carnival operations.

  • SNTs are district based (normally covering 2 or more wards) and responsible for the investigation of all low risk and high volume neighbourhood crime that occurs in their designated area.

  • Teams will agree on a number of promises with local communities, such as patrolling certain areas at certain times, or visiting every secondary school and every place of worship in the area at least once a month.

  • Proactively target offenders, engage with the public and work with communities and partners to address problems.

  • Responsible for the investigation of all low risk and high volume neighbourhood crime that occurs on their ward

Investigation (CID)

  • Deal with more complex and serious investigations

  • Prioritising  the pursuit and disruption of "harmful criminals and gang members, and supporting vulnerable people, such as victims of hate crime or domestic violence".

  • Investigate all actual bodily harm (ABH) offences (rather than SNTs undertake this as previously).

Borough Support Unit

  • A team of uniformed officers providing resilience for borough wide priority crime or anti-social problems

  • Patrol and operational functions within Neighbourhoods; conducted in uniform, on foot, by cycle or public transport.

Grip and Pace Centre (GPC)

  • One per borough.

  • Where senior officers have daily conferences with key staff in “…war room-style” centres..", “armed with the latest intelligence and data".

  • They coordinate police activities and ensure all the right resources are being used "in the right places at the right times.”

Custody

  • Permanent Custody Teams (PCTs), include Dedicated Detention Officers (DDOs) and nurses.

  • They are overseen by Met Detention .

  • The service is made up of over1400 staff/officers working within professional permanent Custody teams in 32 primary 24/7 custody suites across London.

Senior Leadership Team

  • The SLT provide visible leadership from within the GPC

  • Responsible for the borough’s performance and ensure resources are used to meet the borough’s objectives.

A London Borough Example

The Local Policing Model (LPM) was launched in the London Borough of Merton in early July 2013. Neighbourhood Policing Teams (NPTs) replacing Safer Neighbourhood Teams (SNTs) and officers, previously based adjacent to their allocated neighbourhood, will now be 'brigaded' at two locations at either end of the borough (Mitcham or Wimbledon stations) with one PC and one PCSO attached permanently to each ward and overseen by one sergeant, who will oversee a maximum of two wards.

As part of the programme of reducing the ward presence, four of the Merton borough's Safer Neighbourhood police offices will close and the remaining four offices will be turned into contact points open for three hours a week. A fifth contact point is set to be opened at the Civic Centre in Morden (in the centre of the borough) and that centre will be open the same time as the council offices (9.00 to 17.00) and have a police presence during that period.

Of the three previously available front counter services in the borough, Mitcham police station has been downgraded to close to the public at night, Morden police station has closed; leaving Wimbledon station (in the north of the borough) as the remaining 24 hour front counter service.

The borough has also been split into three "clusters" - Mitcham, Morden and Wimbledon - each overseen by a police inspector, who will be responsible and held accountable for crime figures in their area.

Officers will be based either in Mitcham or Wimbledon stations, with one PC and one PCSO attached permanently to each ward and overseen by one sergeant who will manage a maximum of two wards. There will be a further 60 'floating officers' who will be available to cover all wards where needed. Previously two PCs, three PCSOs and one sergeant would be dedicated to each SNT team.

The number of police constables in Merton will increase from 40 to 80 officers and they are intended to be deployed to patrol the borough using a new fleet of 30 mountain bikes, three mini buses and three patrol cars.

MPS Review of the LPM - 2015

During 2014, the MPS conducted a review of the local policing model. The detail of which has been included above in updated team roles. The report plus covering letter can be found here. The main recommendations focus on:

1. Reducing the demands and abstractions on neighbourhood officers that impact on the time they are policing their neighbourhood,
2. Reinforcing the key role of Dedicated Ward Officers
3. MPS coverage in the most challenging locations, and
4. Officer shift patterns.

A/C Helen King - the lead officer for Territorial Policing -  stated in her covering letter to Stephen Greenhalgh, London's current Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime, "I am confident that these changes, alongside the ongoing recruitment and training of new officers which keeps us at the increased neighbourhood establishment of 4,500, will further strengthen neighbourhood policing across London."

"The Local Policing Model remains the basis for how policing is delivered across all 32 boroughs and the changes are in keeping with the LPM principles. Some, such as the ring fencing of Dedicated Ward Officers, were actioned some months ago and feedback regarding this has already improved. Others will take longer to implement and will be overseen by an Implementation Group chaired by Commander D'Orsi, who led the work on the review. We will, of course, keep you updated on this and on Phase 2 of the report, which particularly focuses on the aid requirements of policing London."

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[1] http://content.met.police.uk/News/Local-Policing-Model/1400011800855/1257246745756